My Notes – Early Childhood Education Diploma » Blog Archive » Cognitive Development

Cognitive Development

   Posted by: admin   in Development of Young Children

Softcopy notes were given, I just copy paste the key points

Cognitive development includes the fields of thinking, reasoning, problem solving, logic, imagination, concentration, memory, concept formation, language-related learning abilities.

Theories of Cognitive Development

  • Jean Piaget – a Swiss Biologist (Cognitive Development)
    • Action = Knowledge
    • Knowledge is the product of direct motor behavior
    • Concept of Schema
      • Assimilation
      • Accommodation
      • Equilibration
    • Stages of Cognitive Development
      • Sensory-motor stage (0-2 years)
      • Preoperational stage (2-7 years)
      • Concrete operational stage (7-11 years)
      • Formal operational stage (11 and above)
  • Lev Vygotsky – a Russian Psychologist (Zone of Proximal Development aka ZPD)
    • Vygotsky’s term for the range of tasks that are too difficult for children to master alone but can be learnt with the guidance and assistance of more skilled adults and peers
  • Jerome Bruner – an American Educational Psychologist (Scaffolding)
    • A teaching technique in which a more skilled person adjusts the level of guidance to fit the child’s current performance level
    • Dialogue is an important aspect of scaffolding
    • Language plays a key role in cognition
    • Teaching Strategies
      • 1. Assess the child’s ZPD
      • 2. Use the child’s ZPD in teaching
      • 3. Use more skilled peers as teachers
      • 4. Monitor and encourage children’s use of private speech
      • 5. Play instruction in a meaningful context
      • 6. Transform the classroom with Vygotskian ideas
    • 3 different modes of learning
      - Enactive mode (action-based)
      - Iconic mode (image-based)
      - Symbolic mode (language-based)
This entry was posted on Sunday, May 30th, 2010 at 4:35 pm and is filed under Development of Young Children. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

2 comments so far


I was just accepted into Teach For America and will be teaching early childhood education in Oklahoma this fall. Not being an education major, this task soon became quite daunting. Your blog is super helpful and will hopefully help me pass my certification exams! Thanks!

February 5th, 2011 at 5:36 am

Hi Claire, I hope it will be helpful, it’s not a very comprehensive one, just simple notes. :) All the best in your undertaking.

March 14th, 2011 at 12:30 am

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